The P.T. CellFone Nusantara Company Limited was founded and incorporated in January 27, 1988 by two businessmen, and a Social Welfare Foundation. References on the formation and founders of this company, the identity of the individuals and the Foundation, and its articles of incorporation, can be confirmed by Notary Public, an Indonesian government entity, at the following address: Notary Public Adlan Yulizar, S.H. (also known as Notary Public Soekaimi S.H.), Office: “Griya Ayuda”, Jalan Raden Saleh No. 9B, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia. Attention: Mr. Hidayat. Telephones: (62-21) 323-625, 323-661. Copies of Notarized data are available within the 180-page “CellFone Nusantara 70 Million Telephone Infrastructure Development Project” Feasibility Study, available on signatory of a M.O.U.
The two businessmen are:
Raden Adji A. Suryo-di-Puro, Company Founder, President-director, chief executive officer, and shareholder, of the Company, was born December 28, 1941 in Jakarta, Indonesia. His formal education was in Rome, Italy, in 1950, Canada, the U.S.A. (a Fulbright Scholar), between 1953 to 1964, with 34 years working experiences in the U.K., France, Germany, Iran and Indonesia in journalism (AFP, the French national press agency in Paris, and Antara, the Indonesian national press agency in Köln, Germany), insurance (Lloyd’s London), and financial brokerage firms in Switzerland, U.S.A. and Germany.
He was also a consultant/teacher at the Government'sState Secretariat (Sekretariat Negara or the Presidential Administration Office), and as Assistant to the presidentially-appointed Senior Expert (Staf Ahli Menteri Sekretaris Negara) during Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono the IXth. vice-presidency, advising senior staff at the vice-presidency office on protocol, the English language and other matters related to their job functions. Prior to this he set up joint ventures with foreign parties, including with New Zealand interests.
His various business experience included telecommunications experience in Indonesia and the nationwide installation in 1979-1982 of radio base stations, handhelds, mobile units and repeating stations for the Indonesian Armed Forces in more than 1,700 locations throughout Indonesia's geographical width of 5,600 kilometers, involving thousands of military, commercial communications equipment, and systems to run the equipment.
In 1986 he conceptualized “Revenue Sharing”
(Pola Bagi Hasil, or PBH), a concept ideal at that time between the 1960's to the late 1988s, for a nation dominated by a monopoly environment where: (a) the private sector invests (because of lack of government funding), (b) the government operates the project(because of its monopoly), and (c) the revenues generated by the private investment is thereafter shared between the government as the exclusive monopoly, and the private sector as the funder receives the majority of revenues.
After lobbying for a conceptual change--basically a change in attitudes towards the national private sector--and that the private sector can be a useful partner in national development, at that time an alien concept because the Government viewed the private sector of having no access to funds, and being encouraged to form a company by government and private recipients of the lobby, including representatives of western hemisphere and eastern European governments to formally execute this concept, he set up the P.T. CellFone Nusantara Company Limited
on the 27th. of January, 1988 with another businessman and a social welfare foundation.
Prior to P.T. CellFone Nusantara, the vehicle for the promotion of the concept was a corporation, P.T. Marina Jaya, in which he was also the c.e.o. and a major nationwide supplier at that time of the Defense Department and the National Police Force.
The Government through its Secretary General (Deputy Minister) of the Department of Tourism, Post & Telecommunications (PARPOSTEL) then made a formal request in a letter number PB.103/2/3.PTT, dated August 8th. 1988 for a formal presentation by the newly-established company, and an explanation of the concept of “revenue sharing”.
The formal presentation was made on August 26th. 1988, attended by high ranking, middle management and directors represented by 115 officials who registered their attendance . They were from the Department of Parpostel, the authority supervising the state telephone monopoly Perumtel, the BAPPENAS(National Planning Board),the Ministry of Industry, Directors of PERUMTEL State Telephone Corporation, (now known as P.T. Telkom Indonesia), PT INTI (State Telecommunications equipment manufacturing firm), and PT INDOSAT Satellite corporation, the monopoly international satellite provider (at that time). Present as chairman of the presentation was the Parpostel Deputy Minister. The CellFone presentation itself was 55 minutes. The question & answer phase was 3.5 hours, totaling 4.5 hours because of the novelty and down-to-earth common sense of the concept.
The recognition of his "private-and-government" cooperation concept was then formally adopted by the Soeharto Administration on August 31st. 1988, when the Parpostel Minister officially issued letter No. 49/MPPT/VIII/88, dated August 31, 1988, recognizing the concept by naming 5 companies, including P.T. CellFone Nusantara, as investors for the development of telephone lines using revenue sharing. The P.B.H. concept, later on became known under another name, K.S.O. and under various other names including B.O.T. (Build, Operate & Transfer) where the heart of the principle of the concept of cooperation with Government funded by the private sector was because of the existence of monopolies.
This concept in turn gave life to 1 Nordic Mobile Cellular (NMT) System, 7 AMPS national systems, and 3 GSM (global system mobile, a worldwide roaming mobile phone system) and added another player to the satellite field,private television fields, the power generation fields, toll road construction which during the next 10 years gave a vastly improved toll road network in Indonesia, and other fields monopolized by the government all of which up until 1998 became the domain of the Soeharto family and their business associates.
The P.T. CellFone Nusantara Company, however, was not a participant or a beneficiary to these efforts except in name (as one of its minority co-founders was a presidential welfare foundation). On the contrary, in one instance, the then president-director of P.T. Telkom Indonesia requested CellFone's chairman, who was concurrently the chairman of the presidential welfare foundation directly appointed by then President Soeharto, to withdraw CellFone's c.e.o. as the c.e.o. was not willing to participate in certain practices.
CellFone's chairman, the late Maj. General Nichlany Soedardjo (ret.) refused, informed P.T. Telkom's c.e.o., a former live-in in the general's home during his university's days and former junior subordinate who was present with 5 members of his P.T. Telkom board when he made the request, stated that CellFone's c.e.o. was the person who began the whole thing and if he was removed, the likelihood of the project succeeding for the benefit of tens of millions of people will be lessened even further. As it is, the former general and former deputy of the Indonesian equivalent of the C.I.A. (BAKIN or Coordinating Body for National Intelligence Agencies which reports direct to the president) stated, this c.e.o. already has a hard time convincing people of the revenue sharing concept, given the attitude of the Government at that time of its doubts of the private sector's capabilities to obtain funding, or if the project can succeed because it is alien and against accepted present day (1988) monopolistic practices.
Under the name of another corporation P.T. Marina Jaya, founded in 1972, R. Adji Suryo-di-Puro had a successful track record of installing nation wide mobile radio communication systems in 1979-1982 in 1,700 locations over a 5,600 kilometer area for the Department of Defense, the Army and the National Police. The National Police Force, at that time, was under the Defense Department. This system was used for the nation's General Elections at that time.
At the same time the Defense Department accepted recommended changes in systems coordination by revamping frequency standards placing it more in line with I.T.U. recommendations, including withdrawing certain government and military frequencies taken over by the commercial world, enabling various military services, the military police and the presidential guards, to use the same frequencies when and if required without exchanging different types of equipment; improving communications distances of more than 500 kilometers (as versus only 30-50 kilometers) by using 2-watt handheld walkie talkies in the ultra high frequency range, and introduced "spread spectrum" technology in 1980 (now a common technology in the mid '90s); military facsimile machines which can print on any surface including banana leaves, stolen or lost equipment which can signal their location within 3-5 meters, and other types of the then new GSM digital systems which is now an every day household technology.
Elimination of the P.T. Telkom Monopoly
At the beginning 1994, however, the CellFone Company began to campaign for the total elimination of the P.T. Telkom monopoly, thereby neutralizing all its previous efforts in the former revenue sharing and B.O.T. concept. The last recipient of the lobby for total elimination of the telecom monopoly was the head of Secretariat of Development direct under the President's authority at the Bina Graha Presidential Office on October 1997.
He is married to Minou Fateme, a former Iranian national and descendant of the Persian Khajar Dynasty King (prior to the Pahlavi Dynasty), with 3 children, the first Raden Roro Laila Minouwati A. S., 33, a graduate engineer from Indonesia’s I.T.B. (Indonesia’s 200-year old version of M.I.T. of the U.S.A.) with Summa Cum Laude (honours) in environments, and city planning from the University of Hawaii, and is now a Project Leader for a U.S. Government Program in Jakarta; Raden Sidharto Reza S., 32, graduate of Unpar University in political science and international law, married, a diplomat & Political Attaché at the United Nations’ Indonesian Mission in New York, and spokesman for the130-nation G-77 & China, and former assistant to Mr. Nana Sutresna (the executive director and day-to-day head of the Non-Aligned Movement under President Soeharto) at the Foreign Office; and Raden Cyrus Agung, 24, a businessman in computers.
R. Adji A. Suryo-di-Puro’s father, Raden Mas Suyoto Suryo-di-Puro, was one of the founders of the Indonesian Foreign Office, a founder of the state-owned Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI), an honored Veteran during Indonesia’s War of Independence in 1945;since early 1950 was former senior diplomat in Rome, Ottawa, and Chargé d’Affaires/Ambassador of diplomatic missions in Tunis, London during theSoekarno Government, and after his pension in 1969 was re-appointed ambassador to Afghanistan under the Soeharto Government, and from 1974 was appointed under Presidential Decree 17/K 1974 as senior expert (Staf Ahli Menteri) at the Sekretariat Negara (Presidential Office) until his demise in 1991 at the age of 76.
Mr. R.M. S. Suryo-di-Puro senior comes from the Javanese Royal family and descendant of King Raden Mas Said Mangku Negoro the 1st (Mangku Negoro I, also known as King Samber Nyowo -- the life taker -- or King Sapu Jagad -- the universal sweeper -- for his legendary abilities to take the lives of his enemies and to clean up corrupt and dirty practices by sheer will power and legendary supernatural powers) of Solo (Surakarta), Central Java.(Left foto, Raden Mas S. Suryo-di-Puro, Sudjarwo Tjondro Negoro, and Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono the IXth., the Hamengku Buwono king of Yogjakarta--later the nation's vice-president in the late '70s, central Java, participants & heroes during the independence revolution early 1940).
Drs. Soemakno Alimin, 51, Company Founder, Vice President-director, and shareholder, was educated in Indonesia andformer head of the Public Relations Office of the Directorate of Immigration under General Nichlany, former Director General of Immigration.
Said Albar, 48, Executive Vice-President & Deputy Executive Officer, shareholder, received his formal education in 1973 in corporate management leadership; in basic and advanced telecommunications management, network planning, and thereafter became an organizer of telecommunication seminars. He has extensive field experience in cable installation, network planning on the field and executive management levels.
Since 1971 he was active in several organizations which are present-day forerunners of existing influential national organizations, among them the Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam (HMI), KOSGORO, and
Angkatan Muda Islam Indonesia. In 1982 he founded a social foundation that presently owns and operates 3 high schools and university, and a law-firm with 83 lawyers. Since 1974 he became a Perumtel contractor and has since then founded several telecommunications companies operating as contractors to Perumtel/PT Telkom Indonesia, among them a PMA (Foreign Investment) Joint Venture which he heads as its President-Director and Chief Executive Officer, and with several thousand employees is presently active in several parts of the country. In 1993 he joined with the newly-founded professional association, the APNATEL (Asosiasi Pengusaha Nasional Telekomunikasi, or the Association of National Telecommunications Businesses Contractors) as head of the Education & Training Department until now, and is a founder and is a management member of the KOPNATEL (Koperasi Pengusaha Nasional Telekomunikasi) or the National Telecommunications Businesses/Contractors Co-operative ) which operate thousands of Wartels or telecommunications kiosks throughout the country.
Yayasan Serangan Umum 1 Maret 1949 (YSU) Foundation, Company Founder, shareholder, and Trustee is a social welfare foundation. The Foundation was founded on October 28, 1986 by Mr. Soeharto, the then nation’s President, Mrs. Siti Hartinah (Tien) Soeharto, the then nation’s First Lady (deceased), an appointed court member (Abdi Dalem or "a devotee to the King") of King Mangku Negoro the Third, and 20 other prominent national figures, including the King of Yogjakarta Hamengku Buwono the IXth., former Ministers, and other pillars of Indonesian society. The Foundation’s purpose is to provide scholarships, assistance to the needy in Indonesia’s society and provide social welfare programs.
The shareholding composition of the minority YSU shareholders was revised as of June 1996 at the initiative and request of the Yayasan Serangan Umum 1 Maret 1949 and executed June 1997. The YSU Foundation has been replaced by the Yayasan Suryo-di-Puro Foundationwhich is responsible for the funding of the project since 1994. R. Adji Suryo-di-Puro is a a majority shareholder of the CellFone Nusantara Co. Ltd., and chairman of the Yayasan Suryo-di-Puro.
Principals & Founders